Growing plants from seeds is one of the most common propagation methods. Collect seeds from mature plants, sow them in suitable soil, and provide appropriate conditions for germination.
Take stem or leaf cuttings from healthy plants and root them in water or a rooting medium. This method is used for various plants like herbs, houseplants, and certain shrubs.
Divide mature plants with multiple stems or clumps into smaller sections. Each section should have roots and shoots, allowing you to create new individual plants.
Encourage roots to develop on stems while they are still attached to the parent plant. Methods include air layering, simple layering, and tip layering.
Joining a scion (the top part of one plant) with a rootstock (the root system of another) to create a new plant with desired characteristics. Grafting is common in fruit tree propagation and for combining different varieties.
Divide bulbs or tubers into smaller sections, ensuring each section has roots or growth points. Plant the divided bulbs to grow new plants.
Rhizomes, such as those of iris or ginger, can be divided into sections with viable shoots and roots to propagate new plants.
Plants that produce suckers or adventitious shoots from their roots can be propagated by removing these shoots and planting them separately.