Start with good soil. To determine soil pH and nutrients, test it. Compost, aged manure, and mulch promote soil structure and fertility.
Plant compatible plants together to repel pests and increase soil health. Annual crop rotation prevents soil depletion and pest and disease buildup.
Plant flowers that attract ladybugs, lacewings, and predatory wasps. Row covers protect plants from pests. Use natural predators or homemade remedies like neem oil, garlic spray, or soap solution to control bugs without pesticides.
Mulch garden beds to prevent weeds and keep moisture. To keep weeds from spreading and competing with plants, hand-pull them regularly.
Organic fertilizers including compost, fish emulsion, bone meal, and seaweed extracts supply plant nutrients. These chemical-free fertilizers boost soil fertility.
Water plants thoroughly but less often to promote deep root growth. Drip irrigation or soaker hoses prevent water waste and illness by keeping foliage dry.
Refrain from using synthetic pesticides, herbicides, and chemical fertilizers that can harm beneficial organisms, pollinators, and the environment.
Create a compost pile or bin to recycle kitchen scraps, yard waste, and plant debris. Compost adds nutrients to the soil and promotes microbial activity, enhancing soil health.